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Title: Response to Infliximab in Crohn's Disease: Genetic Analysis Supporting Expression Profile.
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Mediators Inflamm..2015;(2015):318207
Abstract: Substantial proportion of Crohn's disease (CD) patients shows no response or a limited response to treatment with infliximab (IFX) and to identify biomarkers of response would be of great clinical and economic benefit. The expression profile of five genes (S100A8-S100A9, G0S2, TNFAIP6, and IL11) reportedly predicted response to IFX and we aimed at investigating their etiologic role through genetic association analysis. Patients with active CD (350) who received at least three induction doses of IFX were included and classified according to IFX response. A tagging strategy was used to select genetic polymorphisms that cover the variability present in the chromosomal regions encoding the identified genes with altered expression. Following genotyping, differences between responders and nonresponders to IFX were observed in haplotypes of the studied regions: S100A8-S100A9 (rs11205276* G/rs3014866* C/rs724781* C/rs3006488* A; P = 0.05); G0S2 (rs4844486* A/rs1473683* T; P = 0.15); TNFAIP6 (rs11677200* C/rs2342910* A/rs3755480* G/rs10432475* A; P = 0.10); and IL11 (rs1126760* C/rs1042506* G; P = 0.07). These differences were amplified in patients with colonic and ileocolonic location for all but the TNFAIP6 haplotype, which evidenced significant difference in ileal CD patients. Our results support the role of the reported expression signature as predictive of anti-TNF outcome in CD patients and suggest an etiological role of those top-five genes in the IFX response pathway.
PMID: 26339133
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Princesa > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. de Fuenlabrada > Artículos
Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos
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