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Title: Histone deacetylase 4 promotes cholestatic liver injury in the absence of prohibitin-1.
Issue Date: Oct-2015
Citation: Hepatology.2015 Oct;(62)4:1237-48
Abstract: Prohibitin-1 (PHB1) is an evolutionarily conserved pleiotropic protein that participates in diverse processes depending on its subcellular localization and interactome. Recent data have indicated a diverse role for PHB1 in the pathogenesis of obesity, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease, among others. Data presented here suggest that PHB1 is also linked to cholestatic liver disease. Expression of PHB1 is markedly reduced in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis and biliary atresia or with Alagille syndrome, two major pediatric cholestatic conditions. In the experimental model of bile duct ligation, silencing of PHB1 induced liver fibrosis, reduced animal survival, and induced bile duct proliferation. Importantly, the modulatory effect of PHB1 is not dependent on its known mitochondrial function. Also, PHB1 interacts with histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) in the presence of bile acids. Hence, PHB1 depletion leads to increased nuclear HDAC4 content and its associated epigenetic changes. Remarkably, HDAC4 silencing and the administration of the HDAC inhibitor parthenolide during obstructive cholestasis in vivo promote genomic reprogramming, leading to regression of the fibrotic phenotype in liver-specific Phb1 knockout mice.
PMID: 26109312
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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