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Title: Impact of virulence genes on sepsis severity and survival in Escherichia coli bacteremia.
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Virulence.2015;(6)1:93-100
Abstract: Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) are a frequent cause of bacteremia and sepsis, but the role of ExPEC genetic virulence factors (VFs) in sepsis development and outcome is ill-defined. Prospective study including 120 adult patients with E. coli bacteremia to investigate the impact of bacterial and host factors on sepsis severity and mortality. Patients' clinical and demographic data were registered. Phylogenetic background of E. coli isolates was analyzed by SNP pyrosequencing and VFs by PCR. The E. coli isolates presented an epidemic population structure with 6 dominant clones making up to half of the isolates. VF gene profiles were highly diverse. Multivariate analysis for sepsis severity showed that the presence of cnf and blaTEM genes increased the risk of severe illness by 6.75 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.79-24.71) and 2.59 (95% CI 1.04-6.43) times respectively, while each point in the Pitt score increased the risk by 1.34 (95% CI 1.02-1.76) times. Multivariate analysis for mortality showed that active chemotherapy (OR 17.87, 95% CI 3.35-95.45), McCabe-Jackson Index (OR for rapidly fatal category 120.15, 95% CI 4.19-3446.23), Pitt index (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.25-2.56) and presence of fyuA gene (OR 8.05, 95% CI 1.37-47.12) were associated to increased mortality while the presence of P fimbriae genes had a protective role (OR 0.094, 95%IC 0.018-0.494). Bacteremic E. coli had a high diversity of genetic backgrounds and VF gene profiles. Bacterial VFs and host determinants had an impact on disease evolution and mortality.
PMID: 25654604
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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