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Title: Cystinuria in a patient with 19q12q13.1 deletion.
Issue Date: May-2016
Citation: CEN Case Rep.2016 May;(5)1:67-69
Abstract: Cystinuria is a genetic cause of kidney stones with a prevalence of 1 in 7000 births. So far, two genes have been described responsible for this disorder (SLC3A1 and SLC7A9). We report a patient with an SLC7A9 gene mutation located in 19q13.1 on one allele and with a 19q12q13 region deletion on the other allele. The characteristic clinical features of the 19q13.1 microdeletion syndrome include facial dysmorphism, signs of ectodermal dysplasia, growth retardation, neurologic features and genitourinary anomalies. Cystinuria has not yet been described as part of this syndrome, although one of its responsible genes (SLC7A9) is in the same genomic location. The index case is a 6-year-old male presented with distinctive facial features, cutis aplasia of the scalp, rudimentary teeth, microcephaly, intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation, psychomotor developmental delay, speech delay, epilepsy, inguinal hernias and cystinuria. An array-CGH analysis was performed, finding a large deletion of the 19q12q13.11 cytobands, which affects 19 genes. Two of them are involved in the 19q13.11 deletion syndrome and another affected gene is SLC7A9, responsible for type B cystinuria. Sanger sequencing was performed as well, detecting a heterozygous mutation of the SLC7A9 gene, located in 19q13.1. As far as we know, this is the first described case of cystinuria in a patient with SLC7A9 gene mutation located in 19q13.1 on one allele and with 19q12q13 region deletion on the other allele. Although this patient can be classified as a type B heterozygote and, therefore, his renal prognosis is not severe, the occasional nephrolithiasis found in such patients justifies a close follow-up with regular testing of urinary cystine excretion. We suggest that the recessive behavior of this case, explains the clinical features regarding cystinuria. We propose that in the face of patients affected of a phenotype matchable with 19q13.11 syndrome and cystinuria, a mutational or sequencing study of the SLC7A9 gene should be performed to allow an early onset of diagnosis and treatment.
PMID: 28509170
Rights: openAccess
ISSN: 2192-4449
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos
Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Getafe > Artículos

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