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Title: Role Of Hif2α Oxygen Sensing Pathway In Bronchial Epithelial Club Cell Proliferation.
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Sci Rep.2016 05;(6):25357
Abstract: Oxygen-sensing pathways executed by the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) induce a cellular adaptive program when oxygen supply becomes limited. However, the role of the HIF oxygen-sensing pathway in the airway response to hypoxic stress in adulthood remains poorly understood. Here we found that in vivo exposure to hypoxia led to a profound increase in bronchial epithelial cell proliferation mainly confined to Club (Clara) cells. Interestingly, this response was executed by hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF2α), which controls the expression of FoxM1, a recognized proliferative factor of Club cells. Furthermore, HIF2α induced the expression of the resistin-like molecules α and β (RELMα and β), previously considered bronchial epithelial growth factors. Importantly, despite the central role of HIF2α, this proliferative response was not initiated by in vivo Vhl gene inactivation or pharmacological inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase oxygen sensors, indicating the molecular complexity of this response and the possible participation of other oxygen-sensing pathways. Club cells are principally involved in protection and maintenance of bronchial epithelium. Thus, our findings identify a novel molecular link between HIF2α and Club cell biology that can be regarded as a new HIF2α-dependent mechanism involved in bronchial epithelium adaptation to oxygen fluctuations.
PMID: 27150457
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. Santa Cristina > Artículos
Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Princesa > Artículos
Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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