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Title: Protein Kinase C ζ Interacts with a Novel Binding Region of Gαq to Act as a Functional Effector.
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2016
Citation: J. Biol. Chem..2016 Apr;(291)18:9513-25
Abstract: Heterotrimeric G proteins play an essential role in the initiation of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling through specific interactions with a variety of cellular effectors. We have recently reported that GPCR activation promotes a direct interaction between Gαq and protein kinase C ζ (PKCζ), leading to the stimulation of the ERK5 pathway independent of the canonical effector PLCβ. We report herein that the activation-dependent Gαq/PKCζ complex involves the basic PB1-type II domain of PKCζ and a novel interaction module in Gαq different from the classical effector-binding site. Point mutations in this Gαq region completely abrogate ERK5 phosphorylation, indicating that Gαq/PKCζ association is required for the activation of the pathway. Indeed, PKCζ was demonstrated to directly bind ERK5 thus acting as a scaffold between Gαq and ERK5 upon GPCR activation. The inhibition of these protein complexes by G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2, a known Gαq modulator, led to a complete abrogation of ERK5 stimulation. Finally, we reveal that Gαq/PKCζ complexes link Gαq to apoptotic cell death pathways. Our data suggest that the interaction between this novel region in Gαq and the effector PKCζ is a key event in Gαq signaling.
PMID: 26887939
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Princesa > Artículos

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