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Title: Biomarkers for the acute respiratory distress syndrome: how to make the diagnosis more precise.
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Citation: Ann Transl Med.2017 Jul;(5)14:283
Abstract: The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an acute inflammatory process of the lung caused by a direct or indirect insult to the alveolar-capillary membrane. Currently, ARDS is diagnosed based on a combination of clinical and physiological variables. The lack of a specific biomarker for ARDS is arguably one of the most important obstacles to progress in developing novel treatments for ARDS. In this article, we will review the current understanding of some appealing biomarkers that have been measured in human blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) or exhaled gas that could be used for identifying patients with ARDS, for enrolling ARDS patients into clinical trials, or for better monitoring of patient's management. After a literature search, we identified several biomarkers that are associated with the highest sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis or outcome prediction of ARDS: receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), surfactant protein D (SP-D), inteleukin-8, Fas and Fas ligand, procollagen peptide (PCP) I and III, octane, acetaldehyde, and 3-methylheptane. In general, these are cell-specific for epithelial or endothelial injury or involved in the inflammatory or infectious response. No biomarker or biomarkers have yet been confirmed for the diagnosis of ARDS or prediction of its prognosis. However, it is anticipated that in the near future, using biomarkers for defining ARDS, or for determining those patients who are more likely to benefit from a given therapy will have a major effect on clinical practice.
PMID: 28828358
Rights: openAccess
ISSN: 2305-5839
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Getafe > Artículos

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