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Title: Central Hypothyroidism and Novel Clinical Phenotypes in Hemizygous Truncation of TBL1X.
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Citation: J Endocr Soc.2019 Jan;(3)1:119-128
Abstract: Transducin β-like 1 X-linked (TBL1X) gene encodes a subunit of the nuclear corepressor-silencing mediator for retinoid and thyroid hormone receptor complex (NCoR-SMRT) involved in repression of thyroid hormone action in the pituitary and hypothalamus. TBL1X defects were recently associated with central hypothyroidism and hearing loss. The current study aims to describe the clinical and genetic characterization of a male diagnosed with central hypothyroidism through thyroid hormone profiling, TRH test, brain MRI, audiometry, and psychological evaluation. Next-generation sequencing of known genes involved in thyroid disorders was implemented. The 6-year-old boy was diagnosed with central hypothyroidism [free T4: 10.42 pmol/L (normal: 12 to 22 pmol/L); TSH: 1.57 mIU/L (normal: 0.7 to 5.7 mIU/L)], with a mildly reduced TSH response to TRH. He was further diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) at 7 years, alternating episodes of encopresis and constipation, and frequent headaches. MRI showed a normal pituitary but detected a Chiari malformation type I (CMI). At 10 years, audiometry identified poor hearing threshold at high frequencies. Sequencing revealed a nonsense hemizygous mutation in TBL1X [c.1015C>T; p.(Arg339Ter)] largely truncating its WD-40 repeat domain involved in nuclear protein-protein interactions. In conclusion, to our knowledge, we identified the first severely truncating TBL1X mutation in a patient with central hypothyroidism, hypoacusia, and novel clinical features like ADHD, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and CMI. Given the relevance of TBL1X and NCoR-SMRT for the regulation of transcriptional programs at different tissues (pituitary, cochlea, brain, fossa posterior, and cerebellum), severe mutations in TBL1X may lead to a distinct syndrome with a phenotypic spectrum wider than previously reported.
PMID: 30591955
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos
Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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