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Title: First Report of an OXA-48- and CTX-M-213-Producing Kluyvera Species Clone Recovered from Patients Admitted in a University Hospital in Madrid, Spain.
Issue Date: Nov-2018
Citation: Antimicrob. Agents Chemother..2018 Nov;(62)11:
Abstract: Enterobacterales species other than Klebsiella pneumoniae also contribute to OXA-48 carbapenemase endemicity. We studied the emergence of an OXA-48-producing Kluyvera species clone, which expresses the novel CTX-M-213 enzyme, colonizing patients in our hospital. Rectal swabs from patients admitted in four wards (March 2014 to March 2016; R-GNOSIS project) were seeded onto Chromo ID-ESBL) and Chrom-CARB/OXA-48 chromogenic agar plates. Carbapenemases and extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) were characterized (PCR, sequencing, cloning, and site-directed mutagenesis), and antibiotic susceptibility was determined. Clonal relatedness was established (XbaI pulsed-field gel electrophoresis [XbaI-PFGE]), and plasmid content was studied (transformation, S1 nuclease digestion-PFGE, SB-hybridization, restriction fragment length polymorphism [RFLP] analysis [DraI and HpaI], and PCR [incompatibility group and repA, traU, and parA genes]). Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) (Illumina HiSeq-2500) and further bioinformatics analysis of plasmids (PLACNET and plasmidSPAdes) were performed. Patients' charts were reviewed. Six unrelated patients (median age, 75 years [range, 59 to 81 years]; 4/6 male patients) colonized with OXA-48-producing Kluyvera species isolates (>95% similarity of the PFGE pattern) were identified. Nosocomial acquisition was demonstrated. In two patients, OXA-48-producing Kluyvera species isolates coexisted with OXA-48-producing Raoultella ornithinolytica, K. pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli The blaOXA-48 gene was located on an ∼60-kb IncL plasmid related to IncL/M-pOXA-48a and the novel blaCTX-M-213 gene in a conserved chromosomal region of Kluyvera species isolates. CTX-M-213, different from CTX-M-13 (K56E) but conferring a similar β-lactam resistance profile, was identified. Genomic analysis also revealed a 177-kb IncF plasmid (class I integron harboring sul1 and aadA2) and an 8-kb IncQ plasmid (IS4-blaFOX-8). We describe the first blaOXA-48 plasmid in Kluyvera spp. and the novel chromosomal CTX-M-213 enzyme and highlight further nosocomial dissemination of blaOXA-48 through clonal lineages or plasmids related to IncL/M-pOXA-48a.
PMID: 30181367
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos

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