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Title: Simultaneous bilateral pneumothorax in an immunocompromised HIV patient with Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia.
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Respir Med Case Rep.2018;(25):147-149
Abstract: Pneumocystis in humans is caused by a unicellular and eukaryotic organism called P. jirovecii. The overall incidence of P. jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) has decreased with the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy and the use of chemoprophylaxis with trimethroprim sulfametoxazole (TMP/SMX) in cases of immunosuppressed patients. However, approximately 85% of patients with advanced HIV infections continue to experience this disease with inadequate management. Pneumocystis infection can present with spontaneous pneumothorax in 2-6% of cases [8] which can be a potentially fatal complication. We report the case of a 32-year-old man presented with P. jirovecii pneumonia who developed cystic lesions and spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax in spite of TMP/SMX treatment. We consider it an interesting clinical case because few simultaneous bilateral pneumothorax cases have been described directly related to the PCP.
PMID: 30175036
Rights: openAccess
ISSN: 2213-0071
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Getafe > Artículos

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