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Title: Association of high titers of anti-carbamylated protein antibodies with decreased bone mineral density in early arthritis patients.
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: PLoS ONE.2018;(13)8:e0202583
Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has a negative impact on bone that is partly mediated by anti-citrullinated proteins antibodies (ACPA). These antibodies are associated with erosions, and with juxta-articular and systemic bone loss. Other RA autoantibodies, the anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (anti-CarPA), are independently associated with erosions. However, we do not know if they are also associated with juxta-articular and systemic bone loss. Here, we have addressed this question with data from 548 early arthritis (EA) patients. Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (LS), total hip (TH) and metacarpophalangeal joints (MCP). The 25.9% anti-CarPA positive patients did not show significant differences in BMD Z-scores with the negative patients. Nevertheless, this result was due to the similarity between negative and low-positive (below the median of the positive) patients, whereas the high-positive patients showed significant decrease of BMD at LS (β = -0.39, p = 0.01) and TH (β = -0.30, p = 0.02); but not at the juxta-articular bone of MCP. Given the overlap between anti-CarPA and ACPA, we included the two autoantibodies in an analysis that showed significantly lower BMD Z-scores at LS and TH (p< 0.01) only in the ACPA positive/anti-CarPA high-positive subgroup. However, the similar coefficients of regression between the ACPA positive/anti-CarPA high-positive and the ACPA negative/anti-CarPA high-positive subgroups (β = -0.50 vs. -0.52 at LS, and β = -0.37 vs. -0.30 at TH) suggested an independent association. Overall, these results support a contribution of anti-CarPA to systemic bone loss in EA patients.
PMID: 30118518
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Princesa > Artículos

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