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Title: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: Current indications, technical issues and results.
Authors: Rodríguez-Merchán, E Carlos
Gómez-Cardero, Primitivo
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: EFORT Open Rev.2018 06;(3)6:363-373
Abstract: An age younger than 60 years, a body weight of 180 lb (82 kg) or more, performing heavy work, having chondrocalcinosis and having exposed bone in the patellofemoral (PF) joint are not contraindications for unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA).Severe wear of the lateral facet of the PF joint with bone loss and grooving is a contraindication for UKA.Medial UKA should only be performed in cases of severe osteoarthritis (OA) as shown in pre-operative X-rays, with medial bone-on-bone contact and a medial/lateral ratio of < 20%.The post-operative results of UKA are generally good. Medium-term and long-term studies have reported acceptable results at 10 years, with implant survival greater than 95% for UKAs performed for medial OA or osteonecrosis and for lateral UKA, especially when fixed-bearing implants are used.When all implant-related re-operations are considered, the 10-year survival rate is 94%, and the 15-year survival rate is 91%.Aseptic loosening is the principal failure mechanism in the first few years in mobile-bearing implants, whereas OA progression causes most failures in later years in fixed-bearing implants.The overall complication rate and the comprehensive re-operation rate are comparable in both mobile bearings and fixed bearings.The survival likelihood of the all-polyethylene UKA implant is similar to that of metal-backed modular designs for UKA.Notable cost savings of approximately 50% can be achieved with an outpatient UKA surgery protocol. Outpatient surgery for UKA is efficacious and safe, with satisfactory clinical results thus far. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2018;3:363-373. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.3.170048.
PMID: 30034817
Rights: openAccess
ISSN: 2058-5241
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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