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|Title:||A novel connection between the Cell Wall Integrity and the PKA pathways regulates cell wall stress response in yeast.|
Gene Expression Profiling
Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
|Citation:||Sci Rep.2017 07;(7)1:5703|
|Abstract:||Fungal cells trigger adaptive mechanisms to survive in situations that compromise cell wall integrity. We show here that the global transcriptional response elicited by inhibition of the synthesis of β-1,3-glucan by caspofungin, encompasses a set of genes that are dependent on Slt2, the MAPK of the Cell Wall Integrity (CWI) pathway, and a broad group of genes regulated independently of Slt2. Genes negatively regulated by the cyclic AMP/Protein Kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway were overrepresented in the latter group. Moreover, cell wall stress mediated by inhibition of β-1,3-glucan synthesis, but not by other cell wall interfering compounds, negatively regulated PKA signaling as indicated by the nuclear localisation of Msn2, cellular glycogen accumulation, a decrease of intracellular cAMP levels and a severe decrease in both the activation of the small GTPase Ras2 and the phosphorylation of known substrates of PKA. All these effects relied on the plasma membrane-spanning sensor of the CWI pathway Wsc1. In addition, caspofungin induced a reduction in the cytosolic pH, which was dependent on the extracellular region of Wsc1. Therefore, alterations of the β-1,3-glucan network in the fungal cell wall, induce, through Wsc1, the activation of the CWI pathway and parallel inhibition of PKA signaling.|
|Appears in Collections:||Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos|
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