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Title: High prevalence of carriage of mcr-1-positive enteric bacteria among healthy children from rural communities in the Chaco region, Bolivia, September to October 2016.
Issue Date: Nov-2018
Citation: Euro Surveill..2018 Nov;(23)45:
Abstract: BackgroundThe mcr-1 gene is a transferable resistance determinant against colistin, a last-resort antimicrobial for infections caused by multi-resistant Gram-negatives.AimTo study carriage of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in healthy school children as part of a helminth control and antimicrobial resistance survey in the Bolivian Chaco region.MethodsFrom September to October 2016 we collected faecal samples from healthy children in eight rural villages. Samples were screened for mcr-1- and mcr-2 genes. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed, and a subset of 18 isolates representative of individuals from different villages was analysed by whole genome sequencing (WGS).ResultsWe included 337 children (mean age: 9.2 years, range: 7-11; 53% females). The proportion of mcr-1 carriers was high (38.3%) and present in all villages; only four children had previous antibiotic exposure. One or more mcr-1-positive isolates were recovered from 129 positive samples, yielding a total of 173 isolates (171 Escherichia coli, 1 Citrobacter europaeus, 1 Enterobacter hormaechei). No mcr-2 was detected. Co-resistance to other antimicrobials varied in mcr-positive E. coli. All 171 isolates were susceptible to carbapenems and tigecycline; 41 (24.0%) were extended-spectrum β-lactamase producers and most of them (37/41) carried blaCTX-M-type genes. WGS revealed heterogeneity of clonal lineages and mcr-genetic supports.ConclusionThis high prevalence of mcr-1-like carriage, in absence of professional exposure, is unexpected. Its extent at the national level should be investigated with priority. Possible causes should be studied; they may include unrestricted use of colistin in veterinary medicine and animal breeding, and importation of mcr-1-positive bacteria via food and animals.
PMID: 30424831
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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