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Title: JH biosynthesis and hemolymph titers in adult male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Insect Biochem. Mol. Biol..2018 04;(95):10-16
Abstract: Juvenile hormone (JH) is a major hormonal regulator in insects. In Aedes aegypti females, JH signals the completion of the ecdysis to the adult stage and initiates reproductive processes. Although the regulation of JH synthesis and titer in Ae. aegypti females has been extensively studied, relatively little is known about changes of JH synthesis and titers in male mosquitoes, as well as on the roles of JH controlling male reproductive biology. A better understanding of male mosquito reproductive biology, including an improved knowledge of the hormonal control of reproduction, could increase the likelihood of success of male-targeting vector control programs. Using a high performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray tandem mass spectrometry method, we measured JH biosynthesis and hemolymph levels in male mosquitoes during pupal and adult stages. Our results revealed tightly concomitant changes in JH biosynthesis and JH hemolymph titers. Synthesis of JH III was very low in late pupae, significantly increased during the first 24 h after adult eclosion, and then remained relatively constant during the first six days after adult eclosion. Feeding high sugar diets resulted in an increase of JH synthesis and titers, and starvation significantly decreased JH synthesis, but this effect could be reversed by changing the males back to a high sugar diet. JH synthesis rates were similar in virgin and mated males, but hemolymph JH levels were different in well-nourished virgin and mated males. Starvation resulted in a significant reduction in insemination rates; with well-nourished males inseminating 2 times more females than water-fed. Giving a 20% sugar meal for 24 h to those mosquitoes that were previously starved for 6 days, caused a significant rise in insemination rates, restoring them to levels similar to those recorded for 20% fed males. These results suggest that nutrition plays a role on male fecundity, and this effect might be mediated by JH.
PMID: 29526769
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. La Paz > Artículos

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