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Title: Shared Features of Endothelial Dysfunction between Sepsis and Its Preceding Risk Factors (Aging and Chronic Disease).
Issue Date: 30-Oct-2018
Citation: J Clin Med.2018 Oct;(7)11:
Abstract: Acute vascular endothelial dysfunction is a central event in the pathogenesis of sepsis, increasing vascular permeability, promoting activation of the coagulation cascade, tissue edema and compromising perfusion of vital organs. Aging and chronic diseases (hypertension, dyslipidaemia, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, chronic pulmonary disease, liver disease, or cancer) are recognized risk factors for sepsis. In this article we review the features of endothelial dysfunction shared by sepsis, aging and the chronic conditions preceding this disease. Clinical studies and review articles on endothelial dysfunction in sepsis, aging and chronic diseases available in PubMed were considered. The main features of endothelial dysfunction shared by sepsis, aging and chronic diseases were: (1) increased oxidative stress and systemic inflammation, (2) glycocalyx degradation and shedding, (3) disassembly of intercellular junctions, endothelial cell death, blood-tissue barrier disruption, (4) enhanced leukocyte adhesion and extravasation, (5) induction of a pro-coagulant and anti-fibrinolytic state. In addition, chronic diseases impair the mechanisms of endothelial reparation. In conclusion, sepsis, aging and chronic diseases induce similar features of endothelial dysfunction. The potential contribution of pre-existent endothelial dysfunction to sepsis pathogenesis deserves to be further investigated.
PMID: 30380785
Rights: openAccess
ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. General U. Gregorio Marañón > Artículos
Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos

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