Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12530/43887
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dc.contributor.authorBosch, Ricardo
dc.contributor.authorPhilips, Neena
dc.contributor.authorSuárez-Pérez, Jorge A
dc.contributor.authorJuarranz, Angeles
dc.contributor.authorDevmurari, Avani
dc.contributor.authorChalensouk-Khaosaat, Jovinna
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, Salvador
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-30T09:17:12Z-
dc.date.available2019-08-30T09:17:12Z-
dc.date.issued2015-03-26
dc.identifier.citationAntioxidants (Basel).2015 Mar;(4)2:248-68
dc.identifier.issn2076-3921
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12530/43887-
dc.description.abstractPhotoaging and photocarcinogenesis are primarily due to solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which alters DNA, cellular antioxidant balance, signal transduction pathways, immunology, and the extracellular matrix (ECM). The DNA alterations include UV radiation induced thymine-thymine dimers and loss of tumor suppressor gene p53. UV radiation reduces cellular antioxidant status by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the resultant oxidative stress alters signal transduction pathways such as the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), the nuclear factor-kappa beta (NF-κB)/p65, the janus kinase (JAK), signal transduction and activation of transcription (STAT) and the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). UV radiation induces pro-inflammatory genes and causes immunosuppression by depleting the number and activity of the epidermal Langerhans cells. Further, UV radiation remodels the ECM by increasing matrixmetalloproteinases (MMP) and reducing structural collagen and elastin. The photoprotective strategies to prevent/treat photoaging and photocarcinogenesis include oral or topical agents that act as sunscreens or counteract the effects of UV radiation on DNA, cellular antioxidant balance, signal transduction pathways, immunology and the ECM. Many of these agents are phytochemical derivatives and include polyphenols and non-polyphenols. The flavonoids are polyphenols and include catechins, isoflavones, proanthocyanidins, and anthocyanins, whereas the non-flavonoids comprise mono phenolic acids and stilbenes. The natural sources of polyphenols include tea, cocoa, grape/wine, soy, pomegranate, and Polypodium leucotomos. The non-phenolic phytochemicals include carotenoids, caffeine and sulphoraphance (SFN). In addition, there are other phytochemical derivatives or whole extracts such as baicalin, flavangenol, raspberry extract, and Photomorphe umbellata with photoprotective activity against UVB radiation, and thereby carcinogenesis.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.rightsopenAccess-
dc.subjectextracellular matrix
dc.subjectpolyphenols
dc.subjectsignal transduction pathways
dc.subjectskin aging
dc.subjectskin cancer
dc.subjectultraviolet radiation
dc.titleMechanisms of Photoaging and Cutaneous Photocarcinogenesis, and Photoprotective Strategies with Phytochemicals.
dc.typeArtículo
dc.identifier.pubmedID26783703
dc.format.volume4
dc.format.page248-68
dc.identifier.journalAntioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/antiox4020248
dc.format.number2
dc.identifier.pmcPMC4665475
dc.pubmedtypeJournal Article
dc.pubmedtypeReview
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos

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