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Title: Effectiveness and safety of nutritional supplements in the treatment of hereditary retinal dystrophies: a systematic review.
Issue Date: Feb-2017
Citation: Eye (Lond).2017 Feb;(31)2:273-285
Abstract: The hereditary retinal dystrophies (HRDs) are a group of genetically determined disorders that result in loss of the visual function. There is a lack of standard pharmacological treatments or widely accepted nutritional recommendations. The objective of this review is to summarise the scientific evidence on the effectiveness and safety of nutritional supplements for the treatment of HRDs. We conducted a scientific literature search on Medline and PreMedline, EMBASE, SCI-EXPANDED, SSCI, and The Cochrane Library up to August 2014. Experimental, quasi-experimental and controlled observational studies were selected. Eight studies were ultimately included, seven on retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and one on Best disease. Vitamin A, vitamin E, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), lutein and β-carotene were assessed. A 15 000 IU daily dose of vitamin A was reported to have shown a small protective effect on the progression of RP, as was the use of the carotenoids lutein and β-carotene. Different DHA doses has no effect on RP or Best disease. No supplement showed severe adverse effects in the selected studies although strong evidence of toxicity exists for high doses of vitamin A and β-carotene in certain populations. The selected studies concluded that there may be a small beneficial effect of vitamin A, lutein and β-carotene on the progression of RP. The limited evidence available indicates some well-designed additional studies on combined supplements strategies may achieve more robust conclusions. Moreover, the scarcity of evidence available on the treatment of HRD other than RP with nutritional supplements supports the need for further research efforts.
PMID: 27935602
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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