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|Title:||Title: Chess as a cognitive enhancement tool in the healthy and in mental health disorders: A systematic review.|
|Filiation:||Department of Psychiatry, Puerta de Hierro University Hospital Majadahonda (HUPHM)-IDIPHIPSA, Majadahonda, Spain|
|Citation:||Chess as a cognitive enhancement tool in the healthy and in mental health disorders: A systematic review.|
|Abstract:||Chess is a millenary game with simple rules, but high cognitive load. We aimed to review the use of chess as a cognitive enhancing tool in patients with some mental disorders and the underlying cognitive mechanisms and neural structures that may mediate such a therapeutic role. We conducted a systematic review of all the available literature published between January 1900 and March 2020. The PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews were followed. The PubMed, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar (https://scholar.google.es/, first 10 pages) databases were searched. The following eligibility criteria were used: 1) human subjects; 2) English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese languages; 3) not duplicates; 4) designs: narrative texts and letters to the editor, case reports, pilot studies, descriptive and analytical observational studies, quasi-experiments, other experimental designs with pre-posttest measures, trials (randomized or not), and meta-analyses. 49 studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies related to health sug-gested promising results for using chess as a therapeutic tool in some mental disorders. The most replicated finding is the potential use of chess in ADHD and dementia. Overall, chess is a prom-ising cognitive tool for remediation in mental health disorders. However, more robust studies (i.e., clinical trials) are needed.|
|Appears in Collections:||Hospitales > H. U. Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda > Artículos|
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