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Title: Title: Chess as a cognitive enhancement tool in the healthy and in mental health disorders: A systematic review.
Filiation: Department of Psychiatry, Puerta de Hierro University Hospital Majadahonda (HUPHM)-IDIPHIPSA, Majadahonda, Spain
Keywords: chess
cognitive rehabilitation
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Chess as a cognitive enhancement tool in the healthy and in mental health disorders: A systematic review.
Abstract: Chess is a millenary game with simple rules, but high cognitive load. We aimed to review the use of chess as a cognitive enhancing tool in patients with some mental disorders and the underlying cognitive mechanisms and neural structures that may mediate such a therapeutic role. We conducted a systematic review of all the available literature published between January 1900 and March 2020. The PRISMA guidelines for systematic reviews were followed. The PubMed, PsycInfo, and Google Scholar (, first 10 pages) databases were searched. The following eligibility criteria were used: 1) human subjects; 2) English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese languages; 3) not duplicates; 4) designs: narrative texts and letters to the editor, case reports, pilot studies, descriptive and analytical observational studies, quasi-experiments, other experimental designs with pre-posttest measures, trials (randomized or not), and meta-analyses. 49 studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies related to health sug-gested promising results for using chess as a therapeutic tool in some mental disorders. The most replicated finding is the potential use of chess in ADHD and dementia. Overall, chess is a prom-ising cognitive tool for remediation in mental health disorders. However, more robust studies (i.e., clinical trials) are needed.
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda > Artículos

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