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Title: Predictors of response to exclusive enteral nutrition in newly diagnosed Crohn's disease in children: PRESENCE study from SEGHNP
Filiation: Servicio de Pediatría. Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada
Issue Date: 7-Apr-2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Moriczi M, Pujol Muncunill G, Martín Masot R, Jiménez Treviño S, Segarra Cantón O, Ochoa Sangrador C, et al. Predictors of response to exclusive enteral nutrition in newly diagnosed Crohn's disease in children: PRESENCE Study from SEGHNP. Nutrients. 2020;12(4):E1012.
Abstract: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) has been shown to be more effective than corticosteroids in achieving mucosal healing in children with Crohn´s disease (CD) without the adverse effects of these drugs. The aims of this study were to determine the efficacy of EEN in terms of inducing clinical remission in children newly diagnosed with CD, to describe the predictive factors of response to EEN and the need for treatment with biological agents during the first 12 months of the disease. We conducted an observational retrospective multicentre study that included paediatric patients newly diagnosed with CD between 2014-2016 who underwent EEN. Two hundred and twenty-two patients (140 males) from 35 paediatric centres were included, with a mean age at diagnosis of 11.6 ± 2.5 years. The median EEN duration was 8 weeks (IQR 6.6-8.5), and 184 of the patients (83%) achieved clinical remission (weighted paediatric Crohn's Disease activity index [wPCDAI] < 12.5). Faecal calprotectin (FC) levels (μg/g) decreased significantly after EEN (830 [IQR 500-1800] to 256 [IQR 120-585] p < 0.0001). Patients with wPCDAI ≤ 57.5, FC < 500 μg/g, CRP >15 mg/L and ileal involvement tended to respond better to EEN. EEN administered for 6-8 weeks is effective for inducing clinical remission. Due to the high response rate in our series, EEN should be used as the first-line therapy in luminal paediatric Crohn's disease regardless of the location of disease and disease activity.
PMID: 32272604
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. de Fuenlabrada > Artículos

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