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Title: Trends in diabetes-related potentially preventable hospitalizations in adult population in Spain, 1997-2015: a nation-wide population-based study
Filiation: Servicio de Medicina Interna. Hospital Universitario de Fuenlabrada
Mesh: Diabetes Mellitus
Decs: Diabetes Mellitus
Issue Date: 11-Apr-2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Gómez Huelgas R, Lara-Rojas CM, López Carmona M, Jansen-Chaparro S, Barba Martín R, Zapatero Gaviria A, et al. Trends in diabetes-related potentially preventable hospitalizations in adult population in Spain, 1997-2015: a nation-wide population-based study. J Clin Med. 2019;8(4):492.
Abstract: We aimed to assess national trends in the rates of diabetes-related potentially preventable hospitalizations (overall and by preventable condition) in the total adult population of Spain. We performed a population-based study of all adult patients with diabetes who were hospitalized from 1997 to 2015. Overall potentially preventable hospitalizations and hospitalizations by diabetes-related preventable conditions (short-term complications, long-term complications, uncontrolled diabetes, and lower-extremity amputations) were examined. Annual rates adjusted for age and sex were analyzed and trends were calculated. Over 19-years-period, 424,874 diabetes-related potentially preventable hospitalizations were recorded. Overall diabetes-related potentially preventable hospitalizations decreased significantly, with an average annual percentage change of 5.1 (95%CI: -5.6-(-4.7%); ptrend < 0.001). Among preventable conditions, the greatest decrease was observed in uncontrolled diabetes (-5.6%; 95%CI: -6.7-(-4.7%); ptrend < 0.001), followed by short-term complications (-5.4%; 95%CI: -6.1-(-4.9%); ptrend < 0.001), long-term complications (-4.6%; 95%CI: -5.1-(-3.9%); ptrend < 0.001), and lower-extremity amputations (-1.9%; 95%CI: -3.0-(-1.3%); ptrend < 0.001). These reductions were observed in all age strata for overall DM-related PPH and by preventable condition but lower-extremity amputations for those <65 years old. There was a greater reduction in overall DM-related PPH, uncontrolled DM, long-term-complications, and lower extremity amputations in females than in males (all p < 0.01). No significant difference was shown for short-term complications (p = 0.101). Our study shows a significant reduction in national trends for diabetes-related potentially preventable hospitalizations in Spain. These findings could suggest a sustained improvement in diabetes care in Spain, despite the burden of these diabetes-related complications and the increase in the diabetes mellitus prevalence.
PMID: 30978979
Rights: info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. de Fuenlabrada > Artículos

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