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Title: [Non-functioning pituitary adenomas: epidemiology, clinical and postoperative outcome].
Other Titles: Adenomas hipofisarios no funcionantes: epidemiología, clínica y evolución posquirúrgica.
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Rev Neurol.2020;(71)5:163-170
Abstract: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas are the most frequent tumor group in the sellar region. They are usually benign neoplasms diagnosed after visual or hormonal symptoms, although it is not uncommon to detect them as a casual finding. To analyze the clinical aspects found in this disease and its response after surgical treatment. In a series of 100 cases, epidemiological, clinical, endocrinological, visual and radiological data were analyzed before and after surgical treatment, as well as the complications related to surgery and long-term follow-up. The most frequent symptom at the time of diagnosis was visual field involvement (62%), and only the 7% of adenomas were a casual finding. The most common hormonal deficit was hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (48%). After surgery, complete recovery of the visual field defect was observed in 54.8% of the patients, only 1% worsening after surgery, and the incidence of diabetes insipidus was 4%. The resection was superior to 95% in 63% of cases, although the percentage of adenomas with invasion of the cavernous sinus in Knosp grades 3 and 4 it was high (45%). Although the most frequent symptom of non-functioning pituitary adenomas is campimetric involvement, it has an excellent response to surgery if it is performed within the appropriate time. The grade of invasion of the cavernous sinus is the most limiting factor for a complete surgical resection.
PMID: 32729107
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIIB H. U. Infanta Sofía y H. U. Henares > Artículos

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