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Title: Measurement of macular thickness with optical coherence tomography: impact of using a paediatric reference database and analysis of interocular symmetry.
Issue Date: 29-Aug-2020
Citation: Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol.2021;(259)2:533-545
Abstract: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) software is used to classify abnormality of macular thickness by colour category based on reference data from adult series. We assessed the impact of using paediatric reference thickness values for macular thickness instead of adult reference values. Cross-sectional study. Primary and tertiary healthcare setting. Out of 140 healthy participants aged 5 to 18 years, 126 were eligible, 83% from European origin. Following a dilated eye examination and cycloplegic refraction, participants underwent macular scanning with OCT (Topcon 3D OCT-2000). Macular thickness paediatric reference values were recorded by spherical equivalent (SE) and sex, and the specific agreement between paediatric and adult reference values below or equal to percentile 5 and above percentile 95 was estimated. The absolute interocular differences for all macular parameters were determined. Multivariate regression analysis confirmed statistically independent positive associations between SE and average thickness, total volume, and temporal and inferior outer quadrants (all p values ≤ 0.003). The analysis also revealed higher values in males for average thickness, central thickness, and all inner macula quadrants (all p values ≤ 0.039). The use of the adult database only detected 49% of the extreme values (≤ p5 and > p95) in our paediatric sample. The 95th percentile limits for absolute interocular differences for all macular parameters ranged from 12 to 17 μm. OCT-based macular reference values for paediatric SE and sex improve detection of children with abnormal macular thicknesses. Interocular differences exceeding standard references for macular parameters should be considered for further examinations.
PMID: 32860574
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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