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Title: Pre-infection HDL-cholesterol levels and mortality among elderly patients infected with SARS-CoV-2.
Issue Date: 22-Dec-2021
Citation: Atherosclerosis.2022;(341):13-19
Abstract: Low HDL-cholesterol (HDLc) concentration is associated with a greater risk of infection-related mortality. We wanted to evaluate the relationship between pre-infection HDLc levels and mortality among older patients infected with SARS-Cov-2. This is a population-based, cohort study, comprising all individuals residing in Madrid (Spain) born before 1 January 1945, and alive on 31 December 2019. Demographic, clinical, and analytical data were obtained from the primary care electronic clinical records. Confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection was defined as a positive result in the RT-qPCR or in the antigen test. A death from COVID-19 was defined as that registered in the hospital chart, or as any death occurring in the 15 days following a confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Data on infection, hospitalization, or death due to SAR-CoV-2 were collected from 1 March 2020 through 31 December 2020. Of the 593,342 individuals comprising the cohort, 36,966 had a SARS-CoV-2 infection during 2020, and at least one HDLc measurement in the previous five years. Among them, 9689 (26.2%) died from COVID-19. After adjustment for age and sex, the relative risk (95% confidence interval) of COVID-19 death across increasing quintiles of HDLc was 1.000, 0.896 (0.855-0.940), 0.816 (0.776-0.860), 0.758 (0.719-0.799), and 0.747 (0.708-0.787). The association was maintained after further adjustment for comorbidities, statin treatment and markers of malnutrition. While in females this association was linear, in males it showed a U-shaped curve. In older subjects, a higher HDLc measured before SARS-CoV-2 infection was associated with a lower risk of death.
PMID: 34959204
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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