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|Title:||Abnormal frontal gyrification pattern and uncinate development in patients with KBG syndrome caused by ANKRD11 aberrations.|
Bone Diseases, Developmental
|Citation:||Eur J Paediatr Neurol.2021;(35):8-15|
|Abstract:||KBG syndrome is characterized by dental, craniofacial and skeletal anomalies, short stature and global developmental delay or intellectual disability. It is caused by microdeletions or truncating mutations of ANKRD11. We report four unrelated probands with this syndrome due to de novo ANKRD11 aberrations that may contribute to a better understanding of the genetics and pathophysiology of this autosomal dominant syndrome. Clinical, cognitive and MRI assessments were performed. Three of the patients showed normal intellectual functioning, whereas the fourth had a borderline level of intellectual functioning. However, all of them showed deficits in various cognitive and socioemotional processes such as attention, executive functions, empathy or pragmatic language. Moreover, all probands displayed marked asymmetry of the uncinate fascicles and an abnormal gyrification pattern in the left frontal lobe. Thus, structural neuroimaging anomalies seem to have been overlooked in this syndrome. Disturbed frontal gyrification and/or lower structural integrity of the uncinate fascisulus might be unrecognized neuroimaging features of KBG syndrome caused by ANKRD11 aberrations. Present results also point out that this syndrome is not necessarily associated with global developmental delay and intellectual disability, but it can be related to other neurodevelopmental disorders or subclinical levels of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism, communication disorders or specific learning disabilities.|
|Appears in Collections:||Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos|
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