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Title: Use of primary and hospital care health services by chronic patients according to risk level by adjusted morbidity groups.
Issue Date: 3-Oct-2021
Citation: BMC Health Serv Res.2021;(21)1:1046
Abstract: Patients with chronic diseases have increased needs for assistance and care. The objective of this study was to describe the characteristics and use of primary care (PC) and hospital care (HC) health services by chronic patients according to risk level based on adjusted morbidity groups (AMG) and to analyze the associated factors. Cross-sectional descriptive observational study. Patients from a basic health area classified as chronically ill by the AMG classification system of the Madrid PC electronic medical record were included. Sociodemographic, clinical-care characteristics (classified as predisposing factors or need factors) and service utilization variables were collected. Univariate, bivariate and simple linear regression analyses were performed. The sample consisted of 9866 chronic patients and 8332 (84.4%) used health services. Of these service users, 63% were women, mean age was 55.7 (SD = 20.8), 439 (5.3%) were high risk, 1746 (21.2%) were medium risk, and 6041(73.4%) were low risk. A total of 8226 (98.7%) were PC users, and 4284 (51.4%) were HC users. The average number of annual contacts with PC was 13.9 (SD = 15); the average number of contacts with HC was 4.8 (SD = 6.2). Predisposing factors associated with services utilization at both care levels were: age (B coefficient [BC] = 0.03 and 0.018, 95% CI = 0.017-0.052 and 0.008-0.028, respectively, for PC and HC) and Spanish origin (BC = 0.962 and 3.396, 95% CI = 0.198-1.726 and 2.722-4.070); need factors included: palliative care (BC = 10,492 and 5047; 95% CI = 6457-14,526 and 3098-6995), high risk (BC = 4631 and 2730, 95% CI = 3022-6241 and 1.949-3.512), number of chronic diseases (BC = 1.291 and 0.222, 95% CI = 1.068-1.51 and 0.103-0.341) and neoplasms (BC = 2.989 and 4.309, 95% CI = 1.659-4.319 and 3.629-4.989). The characteristics and PC and HC service utilization of chronic patients were different and varied according to their AMG risk level. There was greater use of PC services than HC services, although utilization of both levels of care was high. Service use was related to predisposing factors such as age and country of origin and, above all, to need factors such as immobility, high risk, and number and type of chronic diseases that require follow-up and palliative care.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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