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Title: [Analysis of the level of compliance to the clinical practice guidelines recommendations for the diagnosis and monitoring of chronic vascular complications in type2 diabetes in Primary Care].
Other Titles: Análisis del grado de cumplimiento de las recomendaciones de las guías de práctica clínica para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de las complicaciones crónicas vasculares en la diabetes tipo 2 en atención primaria.
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2019
Citation: Semergen.2020;(46)3:175-185
Abstract: To evaluate the level of compliance to the clinical practice guidelines (CPG) recommendations for the diagnosis and monitoring of the main chronic vascular complications of patients with type2 diabetes (DM2) in Primary Care (PC). A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on patients aged 18years and over and consecutively selected in PC. Patient data were obtained by direct interview and access to the computerised history, and recording the clinical and analytical variables of interest. The determination and recording of urine microalbumin (MALB), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), foot examination (pulse palpation, monofilament or tuning fork), and electrocardiogram (ECG), if performed annually, and the eye fundus (FO) every two years. A total of 1,420 patients were included, of which 55.8% were male. The mean age (SD) was 70.6 (10.8) years and the mean onset of the diabetes was 9.3 (6.2) years. The mean BMI (kg /m2) was 30.1 (5.4) in females and 29.5 (4.7) in males (P=.023), and a mean HbA1c (%) of 6.9 (1.2). Good metabolic control of DM was achieved in 63.0% (95%CI: 60.4-65.5). In the last two years, 976 (68.7%; 95%CI: 66.2-71.1) patients had an eye fundus examination. The urine microalbumin had been performed on 1,228 patients (86.5%; 95%CI: 84.6-88.2). The mean glomerular filtration rate was performed on 1,391 patients (98.0%; 95%CI: 97.1-98.6), the foot pulses examination on 626 (44.1%; 95%CI: 41.5-46.7), and the neurological examination on 473 patients (33.3%; 95%CI: 30.8-35.8). The results of the present study indicate that the presence of retinopathy or neuropathy is not explored in a significant percentage of patients with DM2. Only seven out of ten patients have been screened for retinopathy, one in three had a neurological examination, and only one in four have all the scans recommended by the CPG.
PMID: 31899151
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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