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Title: [Factors associated with cardiovascular risk and cardiovascular and renal disease in the IBERICAN study: Final results].
Other Titles: Factores asociados al riesgo cardiovascular y enfermedad cardiovascular y renal en el estudio IBERICAN (Identificación de la poBlación Española de RIesgo CArdiovascular y reNal): resultados definitivos.
Issue Date: 30-Aug-2020
Citation: Semergen.2020;(46)6:368-378
Abstract: To analyse the prevalence in clinical practice of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as their causal relationship, in the study inclusion visit. Cross-sectional analysis of the study inclusion visit of 8,066 patients of 18 to 85years of age included in the IBERICAN study. By reviewing the medical history, analytics and medical visits, the patient's physician has collected socio-demographic information, personal and family history and prevalence of CVRF and CVD and renal disease. A multivariate analysis was carried out using a logistic regression that included the autonomous region variable as a random effect variable, in order to analyse the impact of certain variables on the development of each CVRF, metabolic syndrome, subclinical organ damage, renal disease, and CVD. Dyslipidaemia was 2.4 times more frequent in diabetics, and the risk was increased by 59% in hypertensive patients. Arterial hypertension was twice as frequent in diabetics, and increased 94% in hyperuricaemic patients and 62.1% in dyslipidaemia patients. Diabetes mellitus was 2.5 times higher in dyslipidaemia patients, and 2.2 times higher in hypertensive patients. CVD was four times more frequent in patients with a family history, and the risk in women was increased by 90.8% and by 53.8% in patients with renal disease. The Spanish population seen in Primary Care that were analysed in the IBERICAN study had a high prevalence of CVRF and CVD, which gives it a high CVR. The multivariate analysis performed shows a close causal relationship between the CVRF with each other, and with renal disease and CVD.
PMID: 32873502
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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