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Title: Prevalence of Chronic Heart Failure, Associated Factors, and Therapeutic Management in Primary Care Patients in Spain, IBERICAN Study.
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2021
Citation: J Clin Med.2021;(10)18:
Abstract: The prevalence of chronic heart failure (CHF) in patients assisted in primary care is not well known. We investigated the prevalence of CHF, its associated factors, and its therapeutic management. This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study conducted in primary care (PC) in baseline patients of the IBERICAN study (Identification of the Spanish Population at Cardiovascular and Renal Risk). CHF was defined as the presence of this condition in the medical history, classifying patients according to the type of ventricular dysfunction in CHF with preserved ejection fraction (pEF), or CHF with reduced ejection fraction (rEF). Clinical characteristics, relationship between CHF and main cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), and drug treatments used according to ejection fraction (EF) were analyzed. A total of 8066 patients were included (54.5% women), average age (SD) was 57.9 (14.8) years, of which 3.1% (95% CI: 2.3-3.7) presented CHF, without differences between men and women. CHF with pEF (61.8%; 95% CI: 55.5-67.6) was more frequent in women, and CHF with rEF (38.1%; 95% CI: 33.2-45.5) (p = 0.028) was similar in both genders (65.9%; 95% CI: 57.1-73.4 vs. 57.3%; 95% CI: 47.7-65.8) (p = 0.188). A progressive increase of the prevalence with age (15.2% in ≥80 years) and with the aggregation of CVRF was observed. The most prescribed treatments were beta-blockers (54.7%) followed by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (42.8%) and angiotensin II receptor antagonists (41.3%), without differences between pEF and rEF. The variables that are most associated with the probability of suffering CHF were a personal history of left ventricular hypertrophy (OR: 5.968; p Three in every 100 patients included in the IBERICAN study presented CHF, of which two thirds had pEF. The condition increased exponentially with age and aggregation of CVRF. We did not find any differences in drug treatment according to the type of ventricular dysfunction. The treatment of HF with rEF has much room for improvement.
PMID: 34575146
Rights: openAccess
ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Centros de Atención Primaria > Artículos

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