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Title: Management of primary immune thrombocytopenia. A comparison between two historical cohorts.
Issue Date: 8-Jul-2021
Citation: An Pediatr (Engl Ed).2021;(95)2:86-92
Abstract: In recent years, there have been changes in the management of patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia. In this study, a review is presented of the characteristics and outcomes of children with primary immune thrombocytopenia in a children's hospital (Hospital Infantil Niño Jesús). Moreover, an analysis is made of the changes in the care of these patients diagnosed before and after 2011, when new guidelines were published by the Spanish Society of Paediatric Haematology Oncology (SEHOP). Data from a cohort of primary immune thrombocytopenia patients followed up in this hospital have been retrospectively reviewed. The statistical package used for the analysis was SPSS Statistics 22.0 (IBM Corp., Chicago, IL, USA). A review is presented on the clinical data from 235 paediatric patients diagnosed with primary immune thrombocytopenia. It was observed that some features at diagnosis, such as age younger than five years and a previous history of infection, influenced the probability of cure. Regarding the changes in the management of patients since 2011, the steroid doses received during the first month and the first year, and the number of days corresponding to the patient's first admission have both significantly decreased. Splenectomies were also significantly reduced. Since 2011, there have been changes in the medical care of our primary immune thrombocytopenia patients: they receive lower doses of steroids, they stay fewer days in the hospital, and the number of splenectomies has decreased without increasing bleeding or worsening the clinical evolution. Furthermore, it was observed that age younger than 5 years and a history of infection prior to diagnosis were related to higher chances of recovery.
PMID: 34246622
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos

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