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Title: [Ketogenic dietary therapies for epilepsy: Experience in 160 patients over 18 years].
Other Titles: Terapias dietéticas cetogénicas en epilepsia: experiencia en 160 pacientes durante 18 años.
Issue Date: 14-Jun-2021
Citation: An Pediatr (Engl Ed).2021;():
Abstract: Ketogenic dietary therapies (KDT) produce anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects, reduce seizures and improve the cognitive state in patients with epilepsy. Our purpose was to evaluate the effects of KDT in children with refractory epilepsy (effectiveness, side effects, impact on nutritional status and growth). A retrospective and prospective observational descriptive study was conducted in a Spanish tertiary hospital (January 2000 to December 2018). One hundred sixty pediatric patients with epilepsy were treated with KDT (82 males; mean age 5 years 9 months). Seizures, anti-epileptic drugs, anthropometric measures, side effects, and laboratory assessment were monitored baseline and at 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after the onset of KDT. In these time intervals, the seizure-free patients were: 13.7, 12.5, 14.4 and 10.6%, respectively, and a reduction of seizures≥50% was achieved in 41.9, 37.5, 28.7 and 16.2%. Side effects were frequent, especially digestive disorders, hypercalciuria, hypoglycemia, hepatic dysfunction and dyslipidemia. Prealbumin, retinol binding protein, vitamin A and magnesium decreased significantly. Height was affected, especially in children below 2 years. KDT are effective for refractory epilepsy in children. However, adverse effects are frequent, and it may affect nutritional status and growth.
PMID: 34140236
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos

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