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Title: Palliative home-based care to pediatric cancer patients: characteristics and healthcare delivered.
Issue Date: 6-Jul-2021
Citation: Support Care Cancer.2022;(30)1:59-67
Abstract: Cancer patients constitute an important group in pediatric palliative care. Though the patients' home is the preferred place of care, little is known about the characteristics of patients attended by units that provide home assistance. Our objective is to describe the characteristics of cancer patients and healthcare delivered by a pediatric palliative care unit with a home hospitalization program. Retrospective study based on clinical records of deceased patients attended by the pediatric palliative care unit of Madrid over 10 years. Data collected included general characteristics, type of cancer, whether they received home assistance, place of death, healthcare delivered (hospitalizations, devices, oncological treatments…), and symptom prevalence. After excluding 47 patients, the clinical records of 144 patients were analyzed. The median age at referral was 9.4 years (IQR: 5.6-14.1), 61.2% were males; 44.2% had solid non-CNS tumors, 35.4% CNS tumors, and 20.4% hematological malignancies; 137 received home care with 89 not requiring further hospital admissions and 70.1% dying at home. The median follow-up time was 1.6 months (IQR: 0.5-2.9). The most used devices were venous ports (71.4%) and oxygen (49.4%); 53.5% of the patients received oncological support therapies. The most common symptoms were pain (91.8%) dyspnea (49.0%) and fatigue (46.9%). Home assistance was provided in a high number of patients, with a large proportion needing one or no hospital admissions and 70.1% of them dying at home. Further studies characterizing these patients and the factors which promote early access to palliative care are needed.
PMID: 34228173
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos

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