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|Title:||Specific Deletion of the Astrocyte Leptin Receptor Induces Changes in Hippocampus Glutamate Metabolism, Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity.|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to indentify the involvement of leptin receptors (LepR) in astrocytes in hippocampal synaptic transmission and plasticity and metabolism. To this end we used a genetic mouse model (GFAP-LepR-/-) of specific LepR ablation in GFAP positive cells and recorded excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) within the CA1 area. Glutamate (Glu) uptake and the expression of Glu transporters (EEAT3, GLT-1 and GLAST) and enzymes involved in Glu metabolism (glutamine synthase, GABA decarboxylase 65 and 67) were quantified. Modifications in the expression of GFAP, the glucose transporter (GLUT)-1, and the monocarboxylate transporters MCT-2 and MCT-4, were also analyzed. The results show that depletion of LepR in GFAP positive cells reduced basal synaptic transmission within the CA1 area and impaired N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-evoked long-term depression (NMDA-LTD). Hippocampal slices from GFAP-LepR-/- mice displayed lower Glu uptake efficacy together with up-regulation of GLT-1, glutamine synthase, GFAP and GLUT-1. In conclusion, astrocyte LepRs are involved in the maintenance of Glu homeostasis and Glu neurotransmission within the hippocampus. Our findings support a role of hippocampal LepRs in synaptic plasticity, which could have an impact on memory and learning processes.|
|Appears in Collections:||Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos|
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