Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Maternal hypercaloric diet affects factors involved in lipid metabolism and the endogenous cannabinoid systems in the hypothalamus of adult offspring: sex-specific response of astrocytes to palmitic acid and anandamide.|
|Abstract:||Aim: We aimed to investigate whether maternal malnutrition during gestation/lactation induces long-lasting changes on inflammation, lipid metabolism and endocannabinoid signaling in the adult offspring hypothalamus and the role of hypothalamic astrocytes in these changes.Methods: We analyzed the effects of a free-choice hypercaloric palatable diet (P) during (pre)gestation, lactation and/or post-weaning on inflammation, lipid metabolism and endogenous cannabinoid signaling in the adult offspring hypothalamus. We also evaluated the response of primary hypothalamic astrocytes to palmitic acid and anandamide.Results: Postnatal exposure to a P diet induced factors involved in hypothalamic inflammation (Tnfa and Il6) and gliosis (Gfap, vimentin and Iba1) in adult offspring, being more significant in females. In contrast, maternal P diet reduced factors involved in astrogliosis (vimentin), fatty acid oxidation (Cpt1a) and monounsaturated fatty acid synthesis (Scd1). These changes were accompanied by an increase in the expression of the genes for the cannabinoid receptor (Cnr1) and Nape-pld, an enzyme involved in endocannabinoid synthesis, in females and a decrease in the endocannabinoid degradation enzyme Faah in males. These changes suggest that the maternal P diet results in sex-specific alterations in hypothalamic endocannabinoid signaling and lipid metabolism. This hypothesis was tested in hypothalamic astrocyte cultures, where palmitic acid (PA) and the polyunsaturated fatty acid N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide or AEA) were found to induce similar changes in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) and lipid metabolism.Conclusion: These results stress the importance of both maternal diet and sex in long term metabolic programming and suggest a possible role of hypothalamic astrocytes in this process.|
|Appears in Collections:||Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos|
Files in This Item:
The file with the full text of this item is not available due to copyright restrictions or because there is no digital version. Authors can contact the head of the repository of their center to incorporate the corresponding file.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.