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Title: Primary Dwarfism, Microcephaly, and Chorioretinopathy due to a PLK4 Mutation in Two Siblings.
Issue Date: 23-Mar-2021
Citation: Horm Res Paediatr.2020;(93)9-10:567-572
Abstract: Primary autosomal recessive microcephalies (MCPHs) are characterized by primary dwarfism with MCPH and may present delayed psychomotor development and visual impairment. Biallelic loss of function variants in the PLK4 gene, which encodes the polo-like kinase 4 protein involved in centriole biogenesis, has been recently identified in several patients with MCPH and various ethnic backgrounds. Here, we describe 2 siblings of different sex from Equatorial Guinea harboring a homozygous frameshift mutation in PLK4 (c.1299_1303del, p.Phe433Leufs*6). A Seckel syndrome spectrum phenotype was present in both siblings, with short stature, severe MCPH, reduced brain volume, and distinctive facial features. They also presented severe intellectual disability, lissencephaly/pachygyria, subependymal heterotopia, and ophthalmological impairment. One of them suffered from deafness, and scoliosis was observed in the other. Biallelic variants in PLK4 lead to a syndrome where severe short stature, MCPH, and cognitive impairment are constant features. However, ocular, skeletal, and other neurological manifestations can vary upon the same genetic basis.
PMID: 33756487
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > FIB H. Infantil U. Niño Jesús > Artículos

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