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Title: Prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescription in community-dwelling patients with advanced dementia and palliative care needs.
Issue Date: 15-May-2021
Citation: Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol.2021;(56)4:203-207
Abstract: To establish the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescription (PIP) in older people with advanced dementia, monitored by a Geriatric Home Care Unit (GHC), as well as the associated risk factors and costs. Community-dwelling patients ≥65 years with an advanced dementia diagnosis (GDS-FAST≥7a) and poor 1-year vital prognosis (Frail-VIG≥0.6) were included. Pharmacotherapy history was reviewed retrospectively, collecting functional and cognitive status, on the first GHC visit, of patients assessed January 2016-January 2019. Potentially inappropriate medication was defined following STOPP-Frail criteria. 100 patients included (76% women, 89.15±5.8 years). Total medications prescribed 760 (7.63±3.4 drugs per patient). 85% patients were given at least one drug considered to be PIP. 26% (196) of the total drugs registered were PIPs. Patients who were prescribed an inappropriate drug showed a higher number of total prescribed drugs (7.92±3.42 vs 6.00±2.24; p 0.04) and a higher frequency of polypharmacy (84.7% vs 60%; p 0.025). Risk of receiving inappropriate medication increased by 24% for each additional drug prescribed (OR 1.24; 95% CI 1.01-1.52; p 0.04). The costs associated with PIP were 113.99 euros per 100 patients/day; 41,606.35 euros per 100 patients/year. Prescription of PIP to community-dwelling patients with severe dementia and poor vital prognosis is common and is associated with high economic impact in this population group.
PMID: 34001344
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. Central de la Cruz Roja San José y Santa Adela > Artículos

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