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Title: Is Surgery for Hepatic Echinococcosis Appropriate in a Low-Volume Center?
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2021
Citation: Surg Infect (Larchmt).2021;(22)10:1081-1085
Abstract: Background: Cystic echinococcosis is a parasitic disease that develops in endemic areas due to the transmission of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver is the organ most affected. The most frequent symptoms include pain, palpable mass, jaundice, and fever. Diagnosis is based on epidemiologic history, examination, imaging, and serologic tests. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with hepatic echinococcosis diagnosed in our center. We collected data from our patients regarding personal history, cyst characteristics, surgery performed, and post-operative complications. Results: Sixteen patients were diagnosed with hepatic echinococcosis, 11 of whom underwent surgery. We found multiple cysts in six patients (37.5%) and a single cyst in 10 (62.5%). In 14 patients the cysts were found only in the right hepatic lobe (87.5%) and in two patients they were found in both lobes (12.5%). Segment 4 was affected in seven cases. The sizes ranged from 2.7 to 20 cm. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was prior to surgery in five patients. The interventions performed were partial cyst-pericystectomies in eight patients, a total cyst-pericystectomy in one case, and drains were placed in two cases of rupture. Post-operative fistulas were evident in five patients, four of which were closed. The fifth, which occurred after emergency surgery for rupture of the cyst, has maintained suppuration. The mean follow-up was 3.5 years. There was no post-operative mortality or recurrence to date. Conclusions: We can state that center without highly specialized hepato-biliary surgery units can assume the surgery of hydatid liver cysts excluding those with well-defined characteristics. The establishment of recommendations for the referral of patients with complex hydatid cysts may help in the optimal management of this pathology.
PMID: 34449274
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. Henares > Artículos

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