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Title: Disability and quality of life in heart failure patients: a cross-sectional study.
Issue Date: 2019
Citation: Fam Pract.2019;(36)6:693-698
Abstract: Although both hospitalization and mortality due to heart failure (HF) have been widely studied, less is known about the impact of HF on disability and quality of life. To assess the degree of disability and quality of life in HF patients attended at family medicine centres. Cross-sectional study of a cohort of HF patients attended at family medicine centres. Disability was assessed with the WHODAS 2 questionnaire, which provides a global and six domain scores that is understanding and communication, getting around, self-care, getting along with people, life activities and participation in society. Quality of life was assessed with the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire, which furnishes a global and two domain scores, physical and emotional. A breakdown of the results showed that 28% of patients had moderate disability and 16.7% had severe disability, with the most important areas affected being: life activities, 8.9% extreme disability and 30.3% severe disability; getting around, 34.6% severe disability and 2% extreme disability; and participation in society, 53.3% moderate-severe disability. Quality of life was mildly affected. New York Heart Association (NYHA) Functional Classification and sex were the major determinants of disability and quality of life. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor antagonists were associated with better scores in the "getting around" and "life activity" domains. HF patients in primary care show an important degree of disability and an acceptable quality of life.
PMID: 31044230
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. Henares > Artículos

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