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Title: Utility of ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin type A for muscle imbalance in children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy: Description of the procedure and action protocol.
Other Titles: Utilidad del tratamiento con infiltraciones ecoguiadas de toxina botulínica A en el desequilibrio muscular de niños con parálisis obstétrica del plexo braquial. Descripción del procedimiento y protocolo de actuación.
Issue Date: 24-Mar-2017
Citation: Neurologia (Engl Ed).2019;(34)4:215-223
Abstract: Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP) usually has a favourable prognosis. However, nearly one third of all severe cases have permanent sequelae causing a high level of disability. In this study, we explore the effectiveness of ultrasound-guided injection of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) and describe the procedure. We designed a prospective, descriptive study including patients with moderate to severe OBPP who were treated between January 2010 and December 2014. We gathered demographic data, type of OBPP, and progression. Treatment effectiveness was assessed with the Active Movement Scale (AMS), the Mallet classification, and video recordings. We gathered a total of 14 133 newborns, 15 of whom had OBPP (1.6 per 1000 live births). Forty percent of the cases had severe OBPP (0.4/1000), a dystocic delivery, and APGAR scores  Due to its safety and effectiveness, BoNT-A may be used off-label as an adjuvant to physical therapy and/or surgery in moderate to severe OBPP. Ultrasound may increase effectiveness and reduce adverse effects.
PMID: 28347577
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. Infanta Cristina > Artículos

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