Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12530/57548
Title: Peanut Allergy in Spanish Children: Comparative Profile of Peanut Allergy versus Tolerance.
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Issue Date: 24-Jan-2019
Citation: Int Arch Allergy Immunol.2019;(178)4:370-376
Abstract: Peanut storage proteins (Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 3) have been described as the major peanut allergens in children, although not all peanut-sensitized individuals have clinical reactivity after exposure. We studied the sensitization profile of peanut-allergic and peanut-tolerant children in a pediatric cohort. The clinical features and sensitization profile to the peanut storage proteins Ara h 9 and Pru p 3 were compared between peanut-allergic and peanut-tolerant children using component-resolved diagnostics. Thirty-three peanut-sensitized children were included: 22 allergic and 11 tolerant patients. Seventy-two percent of the peanut-allergic children were sensitized to at least one peanut storage protein. The rates of sensitization to Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 3 were 63.6, 68.1, and 68.1%, respectively, among the peanut-allergic children and 27.2, 18.1, and 45.4% among the peanut-tolerant children. IgE from the sera of 18% of the peanut-allergic patients recognized Ara h 9, whereas no sensitization to Ara h 9 was detected in the peanut-tolerant children. A total of 59% of the peanut-allergic and 27% of the peanut-tolerant children were sensitized to Pru p 3. Sensitization to Ara h 1 and Ara h 2 was more frequent among the peanut-allergic children (p In our population, the peanut-allergic children were mainly sensitized to peanut storage proteins, and Ara h 2 sensitization allows a more accurate diagnosis of clinical reactivity to peanuts. More than half of the peanut-allergic patients were sensitized to peach Pru p 3, and 50% of them had fruit allergy at the time of the study.
PMID: 30677773
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12530/57548
Appears in Collections:Hospitales > H. U. Tajo > Artículos

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