Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Peanut Allergy in Spanish Children: Comparative Profile of Peanut Allergy versus Tolerance.
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2019
Citation: Int Arch Allergy Immunol.2019;(178)4:370-376
Abstract: Peanut storage proteins (Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 3) have been described as the major peanut allergens in children, although not all peanut-sensitized individuals have clinical reactivity after exposure. We studied the sensitization profile of peanut-allergic and peanut-tolerant children in a pediatric cohort. The clinical features and sensitization profile to the peanut storage proteins Ara h 9 and Pru p 3 were compared between peanut-allergic and peanut-tolerant children using component-resolved diagnostics. Thirty-three peanut-sensitized children were included: 22 allergic and 11 tolerant patients. Seventy-two percent of the peanut-allergic children were sensitized to at least one peanut storage protein. The rates of sensitization to Ara h 1, Ara h 2, and Ara h 3 were 63.6, 68.1, and 68.1%, respectively, among the peanut-allergic children and 27.2, 18.1, and 45.4% among the peanut-tolerant children. IgE from the sera of 18% of the peanut-allergic patients recognized Ara h 9, whereas no sensitization to Ara h 9 was detected in the peanut-tolerant children. A total of 59% of the peanut-allergic and 27% of the peanut-tolerant children were sensitized to Pru p 3. Sensitization to Ara h 1 and Ara h 2 was more frequent among the peanut-allergic children (p In our population, the peanut-allergic children were mainly sensitized to peanut storage proteins, and Ara h 2 sensitization allows a more accurate diagnosis of clinical reactivity to peanuts. More than half of the peanut-allergic patients were sensitized to peach Pru p 3, and 50% of them had fruit allergy at the time of the study.
PMID: 30677773
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. General U. Gregorio Marañón > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. Infanta Leonor > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. Gregorio Marañón > Artículos
Hospitales > H. U. Tajo > Artículos

Files in This Item:
The file with the full text of this item is not available due to copyright restrictions or because there is no digital version. Authors can contact the head of the repository of their center to incorporate the corresponding file.

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.