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Title: Functional impact of subthalamotomy by magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound in Parkinson's disease: a hybrid PET/MR study of resting-state brain metabolism.
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2019
Citation: Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging.2020;(47)2:425-436
Abstract: Subthalamotomy using magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) has become a potential treatment option for the cardinal features of Parkinson's disease (PD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of MRgFUS-subthalamotomy on brain metabolism using different scale levels. We studied resting-state glucose metabolism in eight PD patients before and after unilateral MRgFUS-subthalamotomy using hybrid [18F]FDG-PET/MR imaging. We used statistical nonparametric mapping (SnPM) to study regional metabolic changes following this treatment and also quantified whole-brain treatment-related changes in the expression of a spatial covariance-based Parkinson's disease-related metabolic brain pattern (PDRP). Modulation of regional and network activity was correlated with clinical improvement as measured by changes in Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) motor scores. After subthalamotomy, there was a significant reduction in FDG uptake in the subthalamic region, globus pallidus internus, motor and premotor cortical regions, and cingulate gyrus in the treated hemisphere, and the contralateral cerebellum (p  MRgFUS-subthalamotomy induced metabolic alterations in distributed nodes of the motor, associative, and limbic circuits. Clinical improvement was associated with reduction in the PDRP expression. This treatment-induced modulation of the metabolic network is likely to mediate the clinical benefit achieved following MRgFUS-subthalamotomy.
PMID: 31705173
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos

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