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Title: Comparison of the toxicity of two treatment schemes with benznidazole for chronic Chagas disease: a prospective cohort study in two Spanish referral centres.
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2019
Citation: Clin Microbiol Infect.2020;(26)3:384.e1-384.e4
Abstract: Chagas disease (CD) treatment is limited to two therapeutic options: benznidazole (generally the first option in Spain) and nifurtimox. Both drugs present high rates of adverse reactions and treatment discontinuation and there is no consensus regarding the most effective administration schedule for benznidazole or how to prevent and manage treatment toxicity. We aim to compare the tolerability and treatment discontinuation rate between two different treatment schemes with benznidazole. This was a prospective observational study of adult patients with CD, enrolled from January 2014 to March 2018 in two referral centres in Madrid (Spain). Participants were treated either with benznidazole 5 mg/kg/day (full dose) over 60 days (benznidazole standard dose scheme (BSD)), or with an escalating dose lasting 5 days up to a maximum of 300 mg/day (benznidazole increasing dose scheme (BID)). 471 patients were analysed: 201 in the BSD group and 270 in the BID group. There were no significant differences regarding age (40.4 (SD 8.7) vs 41 (SD 8.2) years), sex (74.1% (149/201) vs 68.5% (185/270) women), weight (69.4 (SD 12.8) vs 68.9 (SD 11) kg) or nationality (97.5% (196/201) vs 96.7% (261/270) Bolivians) between groups. There were also no differences in adverse reactions rate (55.2% (111/201) vs 55.6% (150/270)), number of adverse reactions per patient, adverse reactions type (except for arthralgias and myalgias which occurred more frequently in the BID group (0% (0/111) BSD vs 8% (12/150) BID; p 0.002)) and degree and time to first adverse reactions. There was significantly more treatment discontinuation (49.8% (100/201) vs 33.0% (89/270); p The use of increasing doses of benznidazole for 5 days and a maximum dose of 300 mg, does not significantly improve drug tolerability. However, while the treatment discontinuation rates were similar during the first 30 days of treatment, it may improve the treatment completion rate at 60 days.
PMID: 31740423
Appears in Collections:Fundaciones e Institutos de Investigación > IIS H. U. Ramón y Cajal > Artículos

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