What are copyrights?
a) moral rights (personal nature):
- right to decide if your work is to be disclosed and in what way
- right to demand recognition of your copyright status
- right to demand respect for the integrity of your work
- right to modify the work
- right to withdraw work from commerce
b) exploitation rights (economic nature):
- reproduction right
- distribution right
- public communication right
- transformation right
What are exploitation rights?
The exploitation rights belong exclusively to the author and are characterized by being transferable. That is, the author can assign all or part of these rights, or authorize the use of his work under certain conditions by third parties.
Can copyright be assigned?
What does the transfer of copyright imply?
The disadvantage that this assignment entails for the author, can be negotiated with the editor at the time of signing the contract by including an addendum in it in which the cases in which the author may disseminate his work are agreed. Generally, it will refer to the dissemination of work for personal or teaching use, or to its file in a repository.
However, if the assignment is partial, that is, if the author gives the publisher only some exploitation rights (for example, the reproduction and distribution rights), he will retain other rights that will allow him to make certain uses on his work.
Is there any alternative to the transfer of copyright?
Another alternative is the use of Creative Commons or similar licenses, which allow the author to decide in what terms his works can be used. In addition to retaining all rights to the work, the author decides the uses allowed by third parties as long as the authorship is acknowledged. For more information, see the Creative Commons section.
Where can I check the policies of the publishers if I want to deposit my work in the repository?
Some of these tools are:
- Sherpa/Romeo, which offers information from more than 2,500 international publishers
- Dulcinea, to consult the policies of more than 1,500 Spanish journals
- Héloïse, to consult the policies of French publishers
In case of doubt, or if it has not been possible to locate the publisher's policy, it will be necessary to contact the publisher to obtain the information. If the exploitation rights had been transferred at the time of signing the contract with the publisher, it is possible to request an express authorization to file the work in a repository.
Can I upload a work that I have not yet published to the Repository?
If I have already published my work, can I upload it to the Repository?
You can also choose to contact the editor requesting authorization, if the file is not allowed.